Airbus 320 series aircraft

airbus a320

Description:   The Airbus A320 series aircrafts, are a series of aircrafts that have been manufactured by Airbus.  Within the series, included are the A318, A319, A320, A321, and the ACJ.   In 1984 the A320 was launched, and thus was the first of the current 4,200 A320 series aircrafts that were built.  In addition, there are currently 2,300 Airbus A320 series aircrafts on order.  The technology in the Airbus A320 series aircraft were far more advanced than many of its competitors.  The A320 series aircraft was the first aircraft to introduce the famous “fly-by-wire” flight control systems in a civil airliner.  It also offers a Full Glass Cockpit, and was the first Airliner to be made partly from composite materials.  On the newer A320 series aircrafts, LCD displays have replaced CRT aircrafts.  This has dramatically decreased the number of Display failures, and eliminated the need for large cooling fans in the cockpit.  The aircraft also has the option HUDS, or Heads-up-displays, which can supplement a pilots ability to land in low-visibility and low-ceiling conditions. 
The Airbus A320 faces many competitors, including the Boeing 737 series, the EMB 170/190 Series aircraft, and the new Bombardier C-Series aircrafts that are currently under development. 

Cost:  The A318 costs $56 USD Million to $62.1 USD Million.  The A319 costs $63.3 USD Million to $77.3 USD Million.  The A320 costs $73.2 USD Million to $80.6 USD Million, and the A321 costs from $87.7 to $92.8 USD Million. 

Manufacturer: Airbus  (France)

Type: Corporate Aircraft / Airline Transport Aircraft / Freighter Aircraft

Website: http://www.airbus.com

Operators :  The largest operators of the A320 Series aircraft, include US Airway, Air France, United Airlines,  and Easy Jet.


Airbus A320 family.

A318-100

A319-100 / A319LR /A319CJ

A320-200

A321-200

Cockpit crew

Two

Seating capacity

132 (1-class, maximum)
117 (1-class, typical)
107 (2-class, typical)

156 (1-class, maximum)
134 (1-class, typical)
124 (2-class, typical)

180 (1-class, maximum)
164 (1-class, typical)
150 (2-class, typical)

220 (1-class, maximum)
199 (1-class, typical)
185 (2-class, typical)

Cargo capacity

21.21 m3 (749 cu ft)

27.62 m3 (975 cu ft)
4× LD3-46

37.41 m3 (1,321 cu ft)
7× LD3-46

51.73 m3 (1,827 cu ft)
10× LD3-46

Length

31.44 m (103 ft 2 in)

33.84 m (111 ft 0 in)

37.57 m (123 ft 3 in)

44.51 m (146 ft 0 in)

Wingspan

34.10 m (111 ft 11 in)

Wing area

122.6 m2 (1,320 sq ft)

Wing sweepback

25 degrees

Tail height

12.56 metres (41 ft 2 in)

11.76 m (38 ft 7 in)

Cabin width

3.70 m (12 ft 2 in)

Fuselage width

3.95 m (13 ft 0 in)

Operating empty weight

39,500 kg (87,000 lb)

40,800 kg (90,000 lb)

42,600 kg (94,000 lb)

48,500 kg (107,000 lb)

Maximum zero-fuel weight (MZFW)

54,500 kg (120,000 lb)

58,500 kg (129,000 lb)

62,500 kg (138,000 lb)

73,800 kg (163,000 lb)

Maximum take-off weight (MTOW)

68,000 kg (150,000 lb)

75,500 kg (166,000 lb)

78,000 kg (170,000 lb)

93,500 kg (206,000 lb)

Cruising speed

Mach 0.78 (828 km/h/511 mph at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)

Maximum speed

Mach 0.82 (871 km/h/537 mph at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)

Maximum range, fully loaded

3,100 nautical miles (5,700 km; 3,600 mi)

3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km; 4,100 mi)
LR: 5,600 nmi (10,400 km; 6,400 mi)
CJ: 6,500 nmi (12,000 km; 7,500 mi)

3,200 nautical miles (5,900 km; 3,700 mi)

3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km; 3,500 mi)

Take off run at MTOW (sea level, ISA)

1,355 m (4,446 ft)

1,950 m (6,400 ft)

2,090 m (6,860 ft)

2,180 m (7,150 ft)

Maximum fuel capacity

24,210 L (5,330 imp gal; 6,400 US gal)

24,210 L (5,330 imp gal; 6,400 US gal) standard
30,190 L (6,640 imp gal; 7,980 US gal) optional

24,050 litres (5,290 imp gal; 6,350 US gal) standard
30,030 L (6,610 imp gal; 7,930 US gal) optional

Service ceiling

12,000 m (39,000 ft)

Engines (×2)

Pratt & Whitney PW6000 series
CFM International CFM56-5 series

IAE V2500 series
CFM International CFM56-5 series

Thrust (×2)

96–106 kilonewtons (22,000–24,000 lbf)

98–120 kilonewtons (22,000–27,000 lbf)

111–120 kilonewtons (25,000–27,000 lbf)

133–147 kilonewtons (30,000–33,000 lbf)